**Research Question:**Are maternal expectations and at-home school involvement strategies related to a student's expectation that he or she will attend college?

*ANOVA, explanatory with 2 levels*

I'm interested in the relationship between a student's college expectations and three specific maternal at-home involvement strategies (talking about grades, helping with a school project, and talking about school in general). Each variable has 2 levels, 1 meaning the resident mother did engage in the strategy and 2 meaning she did not. I ran an F-test for each.

- H1WP171I: Mom Talked School

F=28.85 P=<.0001

Because the p-value is less than .05, we can reject the null hypothesis and say that there is a statistically significant relationship between mom talking about school and a student's college expectations. - H1WP171I: Mom Talked Grades

F=61.42 P=<.0001

Because the p-value is less than .05, we can reject the null hypothesis and say that there is a statistically significant relationship between mom talking about grades and a student's college expectations - H1WP171I: Mom Worked Project

F=94.38 P=<.0001

Because the p-value is less than .05, we can reject the null hypothesis and say that there is a statistically significant relationship between mom working on a project and a student's college expectations

*ANOVA, explanatory with more than 2 levels*

I'm also interested in the relationship between maternal expectations and student expectations. Maternal expectations is a categorical explanatory variable with 5 levels (1-5 with 5 indicating very disappointed if the student did not attend college). I ran a Duncan test following ANOVA.

According to the Duncan chart, there is a very pronounced difference with every single mean being different than every other mean. As one might expect, the mean student expectation is highest for students whose mother would be most disappointed and they decrease for each subsequent level.

I'm also interested in the relationship between college expectations and ethnicity. Ethnicity is an explanatory variable with 6 levels (1. Multiracial; 2. Hispanic/Latino; 3. White; 4. African American; 5. Native American; 6. Asian), so a run an Duncan test following ANOVA. From the Duncan table we can see that the mean for 6 Asian, is significantly different from 3, 1, 5 and 2. African American mean is different from 5 and 2. White mean is different from 6 and 2. Native American mean is different from 4 and 6. And Hispanic/Latino mean is different from 3, 4, and 6.

Looking at the actual means, we see that the means by group from highest to lowest are Asian, African American White, Multiracial, Native American and Hispanic/Latino.

Looking at the actual means, we see that the means by group from highest to lowest are Asian, African American White, Multiracial, Native American and Hispanic/Latino.